Applied Optoelectronics Reports Third Quarter 2023 Results

November 9, 2023

SUGAR LAND, Texas, Nov. 09, 2023 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Applied Optoelectronics, Inc. (NASDAQ: AAOI), a leading provider of fiber-optic access network products for the cable broadband, internet datacenter, telecom and fiber-to-the-home (FTTH) markets, today announced financial results for its third quarter 2023 ended September 30, 2023.

“We’re pleased by the continued progress we have made on improving our gross margin, which exceeded our expectations during the third quarter, driven primarily by our favorable product mix,” said Dr. Thompson Lin, Applied Optoelectronics Inc. Founder, President and Chief Executive Officer. “We saw increased demand for both our 100G and 400G products in our datacenter business during the quarter, and we expect this trend to continue as datacenter operators transition their networks. We also shipped our first samples of 800G datacenter products to two different customers this quarter. We’re encouraged by the sequential growth we saw in our CATV business, and believe that our market-leading amplifier products and experienced team position us well as the MSOs transition to next generation architecture.”

Third Quarter 2023 Financial Summary

  • GAAP revenue was $62.5 million, compared $56.7 million in the third quarter of 2022 and $41.6 million in the second quarter of 2023.
  • GAAP gross margin was 32.3%, compared with 17.2% in the third quarter of 2022 and 19.0% in the second quarter of 2023. Non-GAAP gross margin was 32.5%, compared with 18.0% in the third quarter of 2022 and 24.8% in the second quarter of 2023.
  • GAAP net loss was $9.0 million, or $0.27 per basic share, compared with net loss of $15.6 million, or $0.56 per basic share in the third quarter of 2022, and a net loss of $16.9 million, or $0.57 per basic share in the second quarter of 2023.
  • Non-GAAP net loss was $1.7 million, or $0.05 per basic share, compared with non-GAAP net loss of $7.1 million, or $0.26 per basic share in the third quarter of 2022, and a non-GAAP net loss of $6.1 million, or $0.21 per basic share in the second quarter of 2023.

A reconciliation between all GAAP and non-GAAP information referenced above is contained in the tables below. Please also refer to “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below for a description of these non-GAAP financial measures.

Fourth Quarter 2023 Business Outlook (+)

For the fourth quarter of 2023, the company currently expects:

  • Revenue in the range of $63 million to $67 million.
  • Non-GAAP gross margin in the range of 34.5% to 36%.
  • Non-GAAP net profit in the range of a loss of $0.9 million to profit of $1.2 million, and non-GAAP earnings per share in the range of a loss of $0.02 to earnings of $0.04 using approximately 35.1 million shares.

(+) Please refer to the note below on forward-looking statements and the risks involved with such statements as well as the note on non-GAAP financial measures.

Conference Call Information

The company will host a conference call and webcast for analysts and investors on November 9, 2023 to discuss its third quarter 2023 results and outlook for its fourth quarter of 2023 at 4:30 p.m. Eastern time / 3:30 p.m. Central time. This call will be open to the public, and investors may access the call by dialing 844-890-1794 (domestic) or 412-717-9586 (international). A live audio webcast of the conference call along with supplemental financial information will also be accessible on the company's website at Following the webcast, an archived version will be available on the website for one year. A telephonic replay of the call will be available one hour after the call and will run for five business days and may be accessed by dialing 877-344-7529 (domestic) or 412-317-0088 (international) and entering passcode 9074673.

Forward-Looking Information

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as "believe," "may," "estimate," "continue," "anticipate," "intend," "should," "could," "would," "target," "seek," "aim," "predicts," "think," "objectives," "optimistic," "new," "goal," "strategy," "potential," "is likely," "will," "expect," "plan" "project," "permit" or by other similar expressions that convey uncertainty of future events or outcomes. These statements include management’s beliefs and expectations related to our outlook for the fourth quarter of 2023. Such forward-looking statements reflect the views of management at the time such statements are made. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, as well as assumptions and current expectations, which could cause the company's actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in such forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include but are not limited to: the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business and financial results; reduction in the size or quantity of customer orders; change in demand for the company's products due to industry conditions; changes in manufacturing operations; volatility in manufacturing costs; delays in shipments of products; disruptions in the supply chain; change in the rate of design wins or the rate of customer acceptance of new products; the company's reliance on a small number of customers for a substantial portion of its revenues; potential pricing pressure; a decline in demand for our customers' products or their rate of deployment of their products; general conditions in the internet datacenter, cable television (CATV) broadband, telecom, or fiber-to-the-home (FTTH) markets; changes in the world economy (particularly in the United States and China); changes in the regulation and taxation of international trade, including the imposition of tariffs; changes in currency exchange rates; the negative effects of seasonality; and other risks and uncertainties described more fully in the company's documents filed with or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission, including our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022 and our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2023. More information about these and other risks that may impact the company's business are set forth in the "Risk Factors" section of the company's quarterly and annual reports on file with the Securities and Exchange Commission. You should not rely on forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. All forward-looking statements in this press release are based upon information available to us as of the date hereof, and qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement. Except as required by law, we assume no obligation to update forward-looking statements for any reason after the date of this press release to conform these statements to actual results or to changes in the company's expectations.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

We provide non-GAAP gross margin, non-GAAP net income (loss), adjusted EBITDA, and non-GAAP earnings per share to eliminate the impact of items that we do not consider indicative of our overall operating performance. To arrive at our non-GAAP gross margin, we exclude stock-based compensation expense, expenses associated with discontinued products, and non-recurring (income) expenses, if any, from our GAAP gross margin. To arrive at our non-GAAP net income (loss), we exclude all amortization of intangible assets, stock-based compensation expense, non-recurring expenses, unrealized foreign exchange loss (gain), losses from the disposal of idle assets, if any, non-GAAP tax benefit (expenses), and expenses associated with discontinued products, from our GAAP net income (loss). Included in our non-recurring expenses in Q3 2023, Q3 2022 and Q2 2023 are certain non-recurring expenses related to extreme weather and pandemic events, non-recurring tax expenses or benefits (if any), and employee severance expenses (if any). Also included in our non-recurring expenses in Q3 2023, but not in Q3 2022 or Q2 2023 are certain non-recurring legal expenses associated with litigation and certain legal and advisory expenses associated with the termination of the purchase agreement with Yuhan Optoelectronic Technology (Shanghai) Co., Ltd. In computing our non-GAAP income tax benefit (expense), we have applied an estimate of our annual effective income tax rate and applied it to our net income before income taxes. Our adjusted EBITDA is calculated by excluding depreciation expense, non-GAAP tax benefit (expense), and interest (income) expense from our non-GAAP net income (loss). Our non-GAAP diluted net loss per share is calculated by dividing our non-GAAP net loss by the fully diluted share count (for periods in which non-GAAP net income is positive) or basic share count (for periods in which our non-GAAP net income is negative). We believe that our non-GAAP measures are useful to investors in evaluating our operating performance for the following reasons:

  • We believe that elimination of items such as amortization of intangible assets, stock-based compensation expense, non-recurring revenue and expenses, losses from the disposal of idle assets, unrealized foreign exchange gain or loss, and depreciation on certain equipment undergoing reconfiguration is appropriate because treatment of these items may vary for reasons unrelated to our overall operating performance;
  • We believe that elimination of expenses associated with discontinued products, including depreciation and inventory obsolescence is appropriate because these expenses are not indicative of our ongoing operations;
  • We believe that estimating non-GAAP income taxes allows comparison with prior periods and provides additional information regarding the generation of potential future deferred tax assets;
  • We believe that non-GAAP measures provide better comparability with our past financial performance, period-to-period results and with our peer companies, many of which also use similar non-GAAP financial measures; and
  • We anticipate that investors and securities analysts will utilize non-GAAP measures as a supplement to GAAP measures to evaluate our overall operating performance.

A reconciliation of our GAAP net income (loss) and GAAP earnings (loss) per share for Q3 2023 to our non-GAAP net income (loss) and earnings (loss) per share is provided below, together with corresponding reconciliations for Q3 2022.   A reconciliation of our GAAP net income (loss) and GAAP earnings (loss) per share for Q2 2023 to our non-GAAP net income (loss) and earnings (loss) per share was provided in our Q2 2023 earnings release.

Non-GAAP measures should not be considered as an alternative to net income (loss), earnings (loss) per share, or any other measure of financial performance calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP. Our non-GAAP measures may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other organizations because other organizations may not calculate such other non-GAAP measures in the same manner. We have not reconciled the non-GAAP measures included in our guidance to the appropriate GAAP financial measures because the GAAP measures are not readily determinable on a forward-looking basis. GAAP measures that impact our non-GAAP financial measures may include stock-based compensation expense, non-recurring expenses, amortization of intangible assets, unrealized exchange loss (gain), asset impairment charges, and loss (gain) from disposal of idle assets. These GAAP measures cannot be reasonably predicted and may directly impact our non-GAAP gross margin, our non-GAAP net income and our non-GAAP fully-diluted earnings per share, although changes with respect to certain of these measures may offset other changes. In addition, certain of these measures are out of our control. Accordingly, a reconciliation of the non-GAAP financial measure guidance to the corresponding GAAP measures is not available without unreasonable effort.

About Applied Optoelectronics

Applied Optoelectronics Inc. (AOI) is a leading developer and manufacturer of advanced optical products, including components, modules and equipment. AOI's products are the building blocks for broadband fiber access networks around the world, where they are used in the CATV broadband, internet datacenter, telecom and FTTH markets. AOI supplies optical networking lasers, components and equipment to tier-1 customers in all four of these markets. In addition to its corporate headquarters, wafer fab and advanced engineering and production facilities in Sugar Land, TX, AOI has engineering and manufacturing facilities in Taipei, Taiwan and Ningbo, China. For additional information, visit

Investor Relations Contacts:

The Blueshirt Group, Investor Relations
Lindsay Savarese

Cassidy Fuller

 Applied Optoelectronics, Inc.
Preliminary Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands)
 September 30, 2023December 31, 2022
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash$31,241  $35,587 
Accounts Receivable, Net 60,751   61,175 
Notes receivable -   339 
Inventories 67,533   79,679 
Prepaid Income Tax 2   - 
Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets 4,871   6,384 
Total Current Assets 164,398   183,164 
Property, Plant And Equipment, Net 193,828   210,184 
Land Use Rights, Net 4,992   5,238 
Operating Right of Use Asset 4,992   5,566 
Financing Right of Use Asset 3   26 
Intangible Assets, Net 3,626   3,699 
Other Assets 1,953   386 
TOTAL ASSETS$ 373,792  $ 408,263 
Accounts Payable$34,854  $47,845 
Bank Acceptance Payable 14,383   12,337 
Accrued Expenses 16,383   17,222 
Deferred Revenue 10,073   3,000 
Current Lease Liability-Operating 1,059   1,041 
Current Lease Liability-Financing 49   63 
Current Portion of Notes Payable and Long Term Debt 31,323   57,074 
Current Portion of Convertible Debt 80,124   - 
Total Current Liabilities 188,248   138,582 
Deferred Revenue, net of current portion 2,424   - 
Convertible Senior Notes -   79,506 
Other Long-Term Liabilities 4,767   5,505 
TOTAL LIABILITIES 195,439   223,593 
Total Preferred Stock  
Common Stock 34   29 
Additional Paid-in Capital 431,766   391,526 
Cumulative Translation Adjustment (2,188)  2,183 
Retained Earnings (251,259)  (209,068)


 Applied Optoelectronics, Inc.
Preliminary Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per share data)
 Three Months Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
Revenue 2023   2022   2023   2022 
CATV 10,268   31,260  $47,391  $79,953 
Datacenter 48,807   17,697   96,731   60,608 
Telecom 3,074   6,821   11,013   18,362 
FTTH -   -   57   124 
Other 398   915   2,001   2,186 
Total Revenue 62,547   56,693   157,193   161,233 
Total Cost of Goods Sold 42,373   46,944   119,876   133,832 
Total Gross Profit 20,174   9,749   37,317   27,401 
Operating Expenses:     
Research and Development 9,457   9,206   26,633   27,021 
Sales and Marketing 3,035   2,385   7,631   7,107 
General and Administrative 14,368   11,654   39,870   33,908 
Total Operating Expenses 26,860   23,245   74,134   68,036 
Operating Loss (6,686)  (13,496)  (36,817)  (40,635)
Other Income (Expense):     
Interest Income 65   31   133   90 
Interest Expense (1,989)  (1,621)  (6,301)  (4,431)
Other Income (Expense), net (343)  (541)  803   (1,171)
Total Other Income (Expense): (2,267)  (2,131)  (5,365)  (5,512)
Net loss before Income Taxes (8,953)  (15,627)  (42,182)  (46,147)
Income Tax Expense -   -   (8)  - 
Net loss$ (8,953) $ (15,627) $ (42,190) $ (46,147)
Net loss per share attributable to common stockholders
basic$(0.27) $(0.56) $(1.39) $(1.67)
diluted$(0.27) $(0.56) $(1.39) $(1.67)
Weighted-average shares used to compute net loss per share attributable to common stockholders   
basic 32,774   27,839   30,392   27,640 
diluted 32,774   27,839   30,392   27,640 


 Applied Optoelectronics, Inc.
Reconciliation of Statements of Operations under GAAP and Non-GAAP
(In thousands, except per share data)
 Three Months Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
  2023   2022   2023   2022 
GAAP revenue$62,547  $56,693  $157,193  $161,233 
Non-recurring customer credit -   -   -   - 
Non-GAAP revenue$62,547  $56,693  $157,193  $161,233 
GAAP total gross profit (a)$20,174  $9,749  $37,317  $27,401 
Share-based compensation expense 124   121   393   371 
Non-recurring expense -   256   -   256 
Expenses associated with discontinued products 29   56   5,245   57 
Non-GAAP total gross profit (a)$20,327  $10,182  $42,955  $28,085 
GAAP net loss$(8,953) $(15,627) $(42,190) $(46,147)
Share-based compensation expense 3,235   2,627   8,587   7,243 
Expenses associated with discontinued products 29   57   5,245   57 
Non-cash expenses associated with discontinued products 864   1,209   3,175   3,478 
Amortization of intangible assets 167   154   489   458 
Non-recurring (income) expense 1,344   185   2,303   219 
Unrealized exchange loss (gain) 423   963   (752)  2,243 
Non-GAAP tax benefit 1,200   3,300   8,237   9,845 
Loss from disposal of idle assets     
Non-GAAP net loss$(1,691) $(7,132) $(14,906) $(22,604)
GAAP net loss$(8,953) $(15,627) $(42,190) $(46,147)
Share-based compensation expense 3,235   2,627   8,587  $7,243 
Expenses associated with discontinued products 29   57   5,245  $57 
Non-cash expenses associated with discontinued products 864   1,209   3,175  $3,478 
Amortization of intangible assets 167   154   489  $458 
Non-recurring expense (income) 1,344   185   2,303  $219 
Unrealized exchange loss (gain) 423   963   (752) $2,243 
Tax (benefit) expense related to the above -   -   8   - 
Depreciation expense 3,946   4,339   11,836  $13,763 
Interest (income) expense, net 1,925   1,590   6,167  $4,341 
Adjusted EBITDA$2,980  $(4,503) $(5,132) $(14,345)
GAAP diluted net loss per share$(0.27) $(0.56) $(1.39) $(1.67)
Share-based compensation expense 0.10   0.09   0.28   0.26 
Expenses associated with discontinued products -   -   0.17   0.00 
Non-cash expenses associated with discontinued products 0.03   0.04   0.10   0.13 
Amortization of intangible assets 0.01   0.01   0.02   0.02 
Non-recurring (income) expense 0.04   0.01   0.08   0.01 
Unrealized exchange loss (gain) 0.01   0.03   (0.02)  0.08 
Non-GAAP tax benefit 0.03   0.12   0.27   0.35 
Non-GAAP diluted net loss per share$(0.05) $(0.26)  (0.49)  (0.82)
Shares used to compute diluted loss per share 32,774   27,839   30,392   27,640 
Shares used to compute diluted earnings per share 32,774   27,839   30,392   27,640 
(a) Provided for the purpose of calculating gross profit as a percentage of revenue (gross margin).